Monthly Meeting February 2016
"Three first ladies of China:
Madame Sun Yat Sen, Madame Chiang Kai Shek and Madame Mao"
Our speaker, Malcolm McEwan was born in Edinburgh, where he later studied chemical engineering.
Apart from a year in Japan, he has lived in the Netherlands since 1967 and has worked for Shell International. Since his school days, history has been a hobby, to which, after retirement, he devotes most of his time.
When the Qing dynasty fell in 1911 Dr. Sun Yat Sen became the first president of the Republic and four years later divorced his wife to marry Ching Ling Soong who had been educated in America.
After a very turbulent period and the death of her husband in 1925 Ching Ling visited the Soviet Union,
became a faithful communist and later conspired with Russia and Mao against the Nationalists. She became an icon in Mao’s China. Ching Ling’s sister, May Ling Soong, married Chiang Kai Shek, leader of the Nationalists against Japan. Also educated in the United States, she played a key role in the war against Japan and later in the civil war against the communists. She fled China with her husband in 1949 and died in America at the age of 105.
Jiang Qing’s mother was a prostitute. After a career as an actress in Shanghai, she visited Mao’s communist base in northwest China in 1937.
Mao divorced his wife to marry her. Thirty years later she became the leader of the Gang of Four in the Cultural Revolution. After Mao’s death she was arrested, given the death penalty, reprieved,
and later she hanged herself.
Three remarkable women played dramatic roles, on- and back-stage, in the events of twentieth century China.
Date: Tuesday, 2nd of February 2016
10.00 - 10.30 Registration and Coffee
10.30 - 11.00 Club Business
11.00 - 12.00 Lecture (questions if any)
12.00 - 12.30 Drinks
Place: Industrieële Groote Club, Dam 27, Amsterdam